Director, Economic Policy & Research Center, the Dubai Economic Council since March 2009; until February, 2009 was Lead Economist at the Development Research Group of the World Bank, which he joined in 1989; and before that he was an Associate Professor of economics at the University of Gezira in Sudan. He holds a PhD in economics and statistics from North Carolina State and Northwestern universities in the USA.
During his work at the World Bank he also served as Research Director of the African Economic Research Consortium (Nairobi, 1993-1998), on leave from the Bank. He has published widely on macroeconomic and development policy and the economics of civil wars and post-conflict transitions. His regional specialization covers Africa and the Middle East, where he is widely networked with academic research and policy forums in the two regions. He is also a visiting research fellow with the Center for Global Development (since Sep 2009) and an Associate Editor of the Middle East Development Journal (since 2008). More recently he became the Thematic Leader for the “Natural Resource Management and Economic Diversification” theme at the Cairo-based “Economic Research Forum for the Arab World, Iran & Turkey” (ERF).
He is the co-editor (with Samir Makdisi, the American University of Beirut) of Democracy in the Arab World: Explaining the Deficit (Rutledge Studies in Middle Eastern Politics, 2011).