Christine Hogan began her term as Executive Director for Canada, Ireland and the Caribbean at the World Bank Group in November 2016. Immediately prior to joining the World Bank Group, Ms. Hogan served as Deputy Minister for International Trade. Prior to this position, Christine was the Foreign and Defense Policy Advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada in the Privy Council Office. Throughout her career which began in 1988, Ms. Hogan has contributed to a diverse set of public policy issues ranging from international relations and development to trade policy to science and technology, and environment and energy. She has held positions in the Government of Canada including: Director of International Affairs at Environment Canada, Chief of Staff to the Deputy Minister of Environment, Senior Advisor on Science and Technology at Industry Canada, Director of Operations and Assistant Secretary to the Cabinet in the Privy Council Office, and Vice President of Strategic Policy and Performance at the Canadian International Development Agency (now Global Affairs Canada) where she led work on aid effectiveness and championed maternal, newborn and child health in the context of the 2010 G8 Summit. Ms. Hogan has also been a visiting executive with a major oil and gas company, EnCana Corporation, and an Adviser to the Executive Director of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Nairobi, Kenya. She holds a Bachelor of Public Administration (Honours) from Carleton University and is a Yale University World Fellow.