Uganda is boosting farm productivity while much of Africa is struggling with high prices and food shortages. The country has adequate rainfall and arable land. But its success is also due to a strategy linking farmers with agricultural technology and markets, which increased productivity by 27%.
Thanks to all for taking part in the discussion. Click here for more information on NAADS.
Are the farmers under consideration relate to small holders or only the big commercial ones? what has been the effect on women farmers assuming that given the statistics in Africa women would constitute the majoeirty of small holders?
Farmers participating in NAADS are small farmers. They are members of farmer groups, who then apply for support through the subcounty farmers fora. The majority of NAADS participating farmers are female. Women in NAADS subcounties demonstrate higher incomes and productivity than those in non-NAADS subcounties.
What are some plans that you have to shift from a subsistence farming state to a farming that will make farmers earn benefits from their harvest put in the market?
Who is assisting the farmers to teach them about modern agriculture?
what does other African country (who posses arable land and adequate rainfall) should work on to develop their agriculture?
The objective of NAADS is to transform farmers from subsistence to commercial. This is done in several ways. First, by encouraging farmers to adopt products which the market demands through the provision of advisory services. Second, to link farmers to market by organizing both the supply and demand side. For example NAADs helped farmers organize into groups to market rice, vanilla, sorghum, groundnuts, temperate fruits, etc. Farmers decide which three products they wish to adopt, then advisors are hired through a tendering process to provide this service. The groups also receive inputs to get started. In my opinion, African farmers need information as well as access to inputs and markets to succeed.
Quite often projects have failed to deliver their expected results due to rent-seeking behaviour by politically favoured individuals. How this project managed to minimize political clientelism?
NAADS like any other development activity is subject to political interference. In my view, the best way to ensure that the project benefits the intended farmers is to put the farmers in charge of deciding what will be provided and who will participate. Also, NAADS ensures that farmers decide whether a service provider’s contract will be renewed or not. If services are not given, the service provider is fired.
When the project lies on sophisticated technology like application of inorganic fertilisers for increasing productivity, it may cause for the deterioration of soil.In this context, What type of project is going to be implemented to preserve the existing soil condition in this poor land ?
This is an interesting question which has come up in Uganda, as many areas have poor soil. Part of the NAADS advisory package encourages adoption of new technologies, which includes ensuring sustainability through soil and water management. For example upland rice production has been promoted, and Uganda’s rice production has increased by four times over the last two years. Soil management has been part of this success story. A farming system approach as well as a commodity specific/market oriented approach has been adopted.
Tobias Haahr Lorenzen:
How is the worldbank helping the farm project in Uganda?
How much money, aprox. is used on this?
The Government of Uganda and six development partners including the World Bank support NAADS. Support to date has totaled US$ 100 million over eight years, with US$ 50 million from the World Bank. The project started slower than expected, was extended by one year, with this phase of support ending June 2009.
Which agricultural technolgy specifically has boosted the farm productivity of farmers in Uganda?
Has the risk assessment of such a technology been assessed adequately?
if so,can that formula be applied to the other developing countries?
Over the life of the project, NAADS has supported many technologies which have boosted farm incomes for the participants. Notably, vanilla, upland rice, mangos, oranges, temperate fruits such as apples and pears in Ugandan highlands have been supported, as well as more traditional crops such as groundnuts, sorghum, bananas. Livestock production has also been boosted through introduction of improved breeds of goats and chickens. Advisory services as well as startup inputs are provided. The market situation as well as agronomic and other considerations weigh into the choice of activity for each subcounty, who each pick three enterprises per year as their focus.
PIUS OSEI YEBOAH:
WHAT PROJECT HAS BOTSWANA HAVE WITH THE WORLD BANK THIS YEAR 2009
For World Bank activities in Botswana, you can check this website. http://web.worldbank.org/external/projects/main?query=botswana&menuPK=51526592&pagePK=218616&piPK=217470&status=ALL&theSitePK=40941
Is this a straight "food production" project? or is it part of an integrated "food security" approach, if so I appreciate you share details. Are children -most vulnerable population- being targeted?
NAADS aims to increase the agricultural production and incomes of participating farmers through providing knowledge and inputs. The objective is to transform subsistence farmers to commercial farmers, so much attention is paid to creating market linkages by working on both the production side and the marketing side. Existing and new enterprises have been supported. Vanilla is a good example of a new enterprise which was introduced in Uganda when Madagascar suffered bad weather and could not meet world market demand. As a result Uganda is now the fourth largest producer of Vanilla. The project is not a food security project per se, the focus is to encourage farmers to both produce enough food for their own consumption, produce cash crops for income, and to produce enough surplus to provide for their families.
Why is this project being signalled out for being supported by the Bank and other donors? Don't donors usually work together on projects?
Yes, the World Bank along with six other donors support NAADS, which is the Government’s sole programme supporting agricultural advisory services in Uganda.
Alberto Huitron Gomez:
What is the difference between this program and others applied before in the continent?
This is a good question. NAADS is very different than traditional agricultural productivity projects in Africa. First, it is supported by development partners through a basket funding mechanism, which means funds are co-mingled, government only needs to produce one progress report, one audited set of accounts, etc. Secondly, its approach is to provide publicly funded advisory services through private service provision. That is farmer fora at subcounty level contract service providers according to their felt needs. Thirdly, the project supports the value chain from farmer to buyer/manufacturer by linking farmers to businesses who are demanding products which they can produce.
What is the best way and who should be the main player in linking farmers with agricultural technology and markets? Mozambique is currently developing an agricultural strategy and besides the need for a two-pronged approach, what is the role of the public sector remains and open question.
This is another good question. The role of government funded support in NAADS is very specific, the program supports market linkages in several ways. First, it guides subcounties as they pick their three enterprises by providing market and agronomic information. Secondly, it seeks out buyers/enterprises in the area who can establish a marketing relationship with the farmers. It has not always been easy to draw the line where the government should stop and business should take over. We have designed the guidelines for NAADS to focus on production and primary processing, so farmers can get their production to market in an economic way. From there on commercial business is encouraged to contract farmers without the participation of government/the project. In some cases, we have encouraged commercial enterprises to participate in the provision of advisory services and inputs as well, with some success.
Hi Mrs. Cornelius,
My name is Mathias HOUNKPE. I work a policy analysis unit near Benin National Assembly.
I would like to know a little more about how Uganda has delt with agriculture issues.
I would like you to take a look at the project website to see what is happening with Ugandan Agriculture. Here is the link.. http://www.naads.or.ug/
Are Farmers assisted, financially, in procuring the required farm implements? For example farm equipment and fertilizers.
Are farmers supported in accessing markets to obtain better prices for their produce?
Does the project support value addition initiative for farm-produce as a way of empowering farmers financially?
When will the project become self sustaining, if at all, or is it one of those that has to continuously be supported by the donors and will die away when donor funds dry out?
NAADS farm groups, along with advisory services, are provided startup inputs such as seed and fertilizer, or chickens or goats, for livestock activities. They are encouraged and supported to create revolving funds to save together, so they can continue into subsequent seasons, and eventually become good customers of microfinance institutions and banks.
Market linkages are a key part of NAADS advisory support, as described in earlier answers.
NAADS does not provide support beyond primary value addition, to allow farmers to market their goods. Larger investments are supported through microfinance.
NAADS is a 25 year programme of the Government of Uganda. Farmers as well as local and national government contribute. The vision is to lift farmers out of poverty, so they can sustain their production. However, the role of government and development partners is to support farmers through introduction of improved technologies and market access to keep with the changing world and global happenings. For example, the food price crisis presents an opportunity for African farmers to produce more food to meet these new demands. In addition, with changes in the world’s climate, places like Uganda, which sufficient rainfall and water sources can produce for areas which are not as well endowed.
NAADS hopes to transform and modernize agriculture through small holder farmers primarily dependant on a peasantry technology dominated by a “hoe”. For as long as the Word Bank supports NAADS without provision of farm implements and mechanized agriculture, this will remain “drip funding” that will result in slow agricultural transformation unable to result in economic gains for farmers and the country and result in high indebtedness of Uganda for years to come. What is your comment on this?
Hope, this is a good question. Land is scarce in Uganda, and needs to be utilized to the maximum. Opening land which is not under cultivation is part of this, as is improving livestock production and keeping land fertile and productive. Mechanization is part of the answer, but there have been many failures due to lack of farmer ownership and political interference. NAADS is working this year with a “walking tractor”, an improved plough from Asia which can help small farmers open more land for production.
Could you expand onthe private extension aspect NAADS? Can it be replicated in Asia? What will happn if World Bank does not give loans fo rth next phase of the project?
Service provision under NAADS is publicly funded, but privately provided. Farmers through their farmer fora determine the demand for types of service, guided by agronomic and market information. The approach was adapted from Latin America, I see no reason why it could not be adapted for Asia.
Farmers, local government, national government and development partners all contribute financially to the program. The vision is that over the 25 year life, farmers and local government share will increase. Also, farmers who become successful and commercial will graduate from the program. The program has just reached national coverage this year, and a second phase of support to this important national program is envisaged to start in July 2009.