Live Chat: Greening India's Growth - Costs, Valuations & Trade-Offs
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Live Chat: Greening India's Growth - Costs, Valuations & Trade-Offs

Date: Thursday, March, 6 2014
Time: 09:00 a.m - 10:00 a.m ET (14:00 - 15:00 GMT or convert time)
Location: Online

The chat has concluded, view the replay below!

India’s sustained and rapid economic growth offers an opportunity to lift millions out of poverty.

But this may come at a steep cost to its environment and natural resources. A new insightful book called "Greening India's Growth" analyses India’s growth from an economic perspective and assesses whether India can grow in a “green” and sustainable manner.

Muthukumara Mani, the author of the book, was online to discuss the book and to answer your questions. View the replay below.


Greening India's Growth Interview from Roberto Herrera on Vimeo.

Related Links:
- Feature Story: India: Green Growth - Overcoming Environment Challenges to Promote Development
- Blog: “Grow Now Clean Up Later” No Longer an Option for India


Senior Environmental Economist, South Asia Region, World Bank
Read what others are asking
Seetha Sriraman
United Kingdom
Good morning, Sir. I am currently a Masters Student studying Climate Change and Policy at the University of London. My question is from a legal perspective. How can 'green growth' be best achieved by employing legal means? I would like to cite an example to understand the gist of the question. UMPP projects in India are set to foster economic growth in terms of clean technology power. However recent cases such as the one in Tata- Mundra in Gujarat, have shown the weak approach adopted while funding these projects where the overall feasibilities have been challenged on account of not taking into consideration environmental factors affecting livelihoods and ecosystems. Although your approach is from an economic point of view, it would be interesting to know whether potential legal costs may need to be factored in, not just from a stakeholders standing but more importantly from the industry viewpoint in order to have a more representational approach. Thank you.
Dr. Ashish Manohar Urkude
It has been observed that while widening of roads, the trees that are in way could be up-rooted and then could be re-rooted at some other place, can be done, may be at night times, but do not happens in India. It's been standard practice at other places in the world. Hope you agree that, there would be imbalance in nature if it's not done. We've observed that, it also have provoked corrupt practices in India, hence, would like to ask, Have you touched this point in your book?
Dr. Ashish Manohar Urkude
Many of the rare medicinal seeds, shrubs, fruits, flowers, roots, trees, ..., etc. are available in Himalayas. On the name of Herbal / Ayurvedic Medicines top MNC buy such medicinal shrubs at negligible cost here, we've seen, and they sell their medicines at million times higher prices in global market. Could you please evaluate cost and value of this till the day of this discussion and make a comment on this?
Kashyap Bhatt
Based on the research on internet I did on River Front project in Ahmedabad City, Gujarat State, India and the project website information on environmental and socio-economic impact is not found anywhere. It seems the money spent has contributed on furthering global warming then reducing it as claimed by Hon. Mr. Modi in his several political speeches. His argument of water level coming up has reduced electricity bill of Ahmedabad city and surrounding area’s tube-well owners and saving in electricity bills is earning Carbon Points is a more political statement and political publicity for both Gujarat State ad Ahmedabad Municipality Corporation since the project has contributed in Ahmedabad city’sl warming due to BTUs retrieved by 9 kilo-meter of both side of RCC construction work, has effected underground moisture in the soil and evaporation of water has increased due to additional heat. Please compare the socio-economic benefit and effect on climate for the amount of money spent on river front project with if the same money could have spent in creating permanent forest around Ahmedabad and rest of Gujarat. Some of the funds may have directed towards community toilets in every village and setting up solid waste management could have brought more impact on greening India. Please give your comments on said comparisons.
Nguyen van Doan
Hello ! First of all for send to you would wish best How can i receive and transfer my fund from this place to others that help rèugees also poors on worldwide ? Hope to receive to reply from you Thanh you
Sir, We wish to bring to your notice that we the "Green Universe Environmental Services Society (GUESS)" head-quartered at Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India was established in 1998. Since then we have been promoting various eco friendly concepts, pro-environmental initiatives and sustainable development projects. With our vast field-level practical experiences we have observed and noticed that the farmers of our country are facing severe crop loss issues due to wild boar & wild animal attacks, frequent natural calamities, global warming effects, non availability of labour, cost escalation and climate change issues. It is known fact that many of the wild animals have shifted their habitations from the forests to farm fields due to man-made mistakes such as severe deforestation and high level destruction in the forest areas. Due to the above situations the farmers who make 70% of the Indian community are leaving agriculture and migrating to the urban habitations in search of livelihoods resulting in many of the villages are becoming deserts and the population pressure is at high level in urban areas which is causing various social & economic issues. It is fact that the most of the countries are shifting towards naturals in all walks of life and the demand for natural products is ever increasing and it is time to throw light on promotion of different eco-friendly sustainable farming measures & concepts to the struggling farmer community. Keeping in view the alarming situation faced by the farming community due to wild boar & animal attacks which is great concern to the society today we have come up with an eco-friendly, cost-effective sustainable solution of "Henna Bio Fence." It is non-grazing & pest-free because it is astringent & pungent in nature which can be an effective NPM measure, sustains for longer period hence it is perennial, drought tolerant because it can pass through severe climatic situations, creates additional man days through raising & post harvest measures and also generates income because the demand for natural dyes is ever increasing. Hence "Henna Bio Fence" can be an eco-friendly cost-effective sustainable solution in place of highly expensive solar, chain linked mesh & barbed wire fences and can act as income & employment generating measure. Natural dyes are pro-environment and obtained from renewable resources with no health hazards are traditionally used since ages to impart color. There is renewed interest in the application of natural dyes throughout the world today, as eco-friendly norms become stringent and the awareness about protection and preservation of environment grows day by day. The entire world is facing the side effects of synthetic products and there has been increasing interest in natural dyes, as the public become aware of health issues, ecological and environmental problems related to the use of synthetic dyes. Henna as natural dye is being used in Textiles, Handlooms, Leather, Beauty & Health Care, Cosmetics and Tattoo Industries etc. Considering the above facts, concerns and in light of the multi beneficial advantages, as responsible NGO we have initiated this "Henna Bio Fence" project to help the struggling farmers. We request for financial collaboration to impart trainings, to create awareness, to transform the concept and to provide input cost to encourage an eco-friendly, sustainable and cost effective "Henna Bio Fence" to the farmers to protect the crops from wild boar & animal attacks and to improve their income levels. In addition to the crop protection measure there is lot of scope for employment generation through value addition and marketing. Henna Bio Fence is also useful as NPM, NTFP, SMC & NRM measures. The Decoction of henna leaves because of its strong chemical composition can be used as Bio Pesticide for all the crops which reduces the pest management expenditure for a longer period. It also controls the cross pollination issues between different crops. Henna Bio Fence in one meter width all along the periphery of the crop fields in multiple (6-8) rows with close spacing will become as thick & strong fence which completely arrests the wild boar and animal attacks. Reducing crop loss itself is great benefit to the farmers and as well to the nation and also there are many social & economic advantages in addition to the crop protection measure. Keeping in view the above facts, we request the International Organizations who are very much concern about environment & global warming effects for financial contributions from Carbon Trade Funds, Environment Protection Funds, Ecological Balancing Funds, Global Warming Budgets, CSR & CER initiatives to provide them an eco-friendly, sustainable and cost effective "Henna Bio Fence" for their farm fields to protect the crops from animal attacks and to improve the income levels of the farming community. Hence, we request your kind attention towards a noble cause of "Vruksho Rakshathi Rakshithaha" by providing them the input cost from different possible funds & measures to help the struggling farmers who are feeding our Nation. The detailed project report will be submitted after hearing from you. We await quick response in this regard to make this pro-environmental project successful. We are hereby providing the YouTube link of promo film on Henna Bio Fence for information. Henna Bio Fence Video Link: GUESS - Henna Bio Fence - English : GUESS - Henna Bio Fence - Telugu : Thanking You Best Regards OSK REDDY Ph. No. 919494947894 / 919848028410 / Web Site:
Anand kumar
this is well accepted fact that for development and poverty reduction, growth is essential and after industrial revolution we have seen unprecedented growth but at the cost of environmental degradation.going on this line growth will come at the cost of environment. two issues are involved in it(a)the philosophy behind this;centralisation,mass production,mass consumption,profit,greed etc(b)the mode of production and energy consumption. without changing the above issues it is difficult to address the problem raised by this context we will have to look for the alternative mode of production and consumption, again that will come through technology breakthrough..such as nanotechnology,3D printing,development in "off the grid" energy resources and other aspects,but question is whether humanity is going to share these knowledge? the concept of GREENING is not resticted to one country,it is for the planet as a whole and no coutry can afford to do it in isolation. have you raised this in your book? if there is a breakthrough in energy sector automaticaly that will lead to decentralisation of production,consumption,it will limit mad consumption,process of demassification will begin.we will have to move towards "coperation" from "centralisation".
suresh kumar
What is the present demand and supply ratio of stevia in the domestic market? - What is the present demand and supply ratio of stevia in the International market?
Greetings, This is parthiban, Im a Social Worker who is interested in Climate change and economy. Is that whenever we want to expand or develop our economy , the cost what we as a citizen or government paying towards ecology is huge loss to us and for our future generation. Further practically still we are lack in policy development especially in terms of creating new jobs in Environmental and climate issues.trained institutions regarding Environment, climate and disaster yet to have a green infrastructure with sustainable use of Green energy and Solid liquid waste management rather than big tall infrastructure ?
Lity Mathew
When we talk about India, what is the concept We are taking to assess each state and where are we standing on greening growth of each state. Further what are the major awareness programs available in India.
Elizabeth Mae Davidson
United States
I haven't had a chance to read your report yet, but I'm wondering if you might be able to touch on the economic viability of the solar energy project in Gujarat and other locations. And, if any kind of international WTO agreement regulations should be adjusted under the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing measures.
Partha Das
I am a PhD student in MNIT Jaipur intend to work on energy policy modeling using TIMES modeling framework in Indian power sector. What are future policy scenarios will be the key for minimising the GHG emissions and maintaing sustainable growth for India according to you?
United Kingdom
Solar power is a way forward govt is investing too little to late. Should subsidise solar panels for residential to invest in them. Green growth is possible, but depend on govt vested interest.