Monday, February 24, 2014
4:15 p.m. - 5:15 p.m. ET (21:15 – 22:15 GMT or convert time
This chat has concluded. View the replay below.
▶ "When managed transparently, sustainably and responsibly, the discovery of oil, gas or mining resources can be a pathway to shared prosperity and lasting benefits for society. However the ‘resource curse’ can also result in conflict, fragility and dramatically increase inequalities and stresses on society – particularly along gender lines. Women in extractive industry-impacted (EI) communities often face greater exposure to the risks - and fewer of the opportunities - that the resources bring, relative to men.”
– Summary Report: Online Discussion on Gender and the Extractive Industries: Access to Resources and Exposure to Risks in Communities Impacted by Oil, Gas and Mining, October 29-November 19, 2013 at GFCoP.
What are some of the relevant issues to take into account in order to address these concerns? The World Bank’s Gender Issues in Fragile Situations Community of Practice hosted a live chat exploring women’s access to rights, resources, and voice in the extractive industries, including:
• How can women benefit from the extractive industries?
• How can we reduce risks?
• How can we provide better resources and voice to women?
• What are some of the approaches that offer lessons and strategies for more equitable distribution and decision-making over extractive resources?
• Gender in Extractive Industries
• World Bank - Papua New Guinea Country Office
• Gender Issues in Fragile Situations Community of Practice (GFCoP)
Read what others are asking
Papua New Guinea
How can extractives influence policies to recognize and opend doors for women from these communities to access the decision making stage and have a influence the outcome?
Deriving benefits from mining resources in general, whether for women or men, is a big challenge. How can we bring benefits to women when it is so difficult to even negotiate a good benefit package for mining - impacted communities? Do we have any examples of how women and men worked together to reduce risks associated with mining and increase benefits for their community, in general and to women/children/widows, in particular?
What are mining companies doing about this? Is this merely tokenism on their part or are there real opportunities for making real impact?
Women are more affected by mining impacts in my country, so what are the measures/approaches to ensure equitable distribution (impacts and benefits) for women?
How do government and private sector mitigate the risk and ensure equitable distribution for women in extractive industries?
Dr. Ashish Manohar Urkude
First thought raised by women here in India is, are women getting same position same wage/ salary or not? Another point is are they made part of decision or not? What are Health, Safety, and other short and long term benefits and facilities they are getting?
How can countries endowed with natural resources leverage these natural resources for sustainable human development including promoting gender equality and women empowerment?
Indeed Gender in Extractives is of concern. But where is the bottleneck/the key issue in Africa? I tend to question the economic model where mineral rich countries have to rely just on mere tax revenue, when all the wealth, refining jobs, and the value added are taken out of the national economy. How can women reap when their country has not?
1. How can the formalization of illegal extractive activities help to empowerment of women?
2. Because of cultural atavism and absurd regulations, in Peru and many other fishing countries, women are marginalized of artisanal fisheries; how can this situation be improved?
I would like to know if you could provide us with an example of best practice of both government regulation and corporate behaviour that address through their social impact assessment a gender perspective as well as their CSR or sustainable development practice.
I currently engage in WIMLATAM - a collaborative project of woman in mining in latin america. We are developing a number of workshops and guides to incorporate a gender approach to employment in mining, participation and engagement and to the development of social impact assessments. We would love to hear if you know about good practice cases.
Ana Maria Azcarraga
What is violence against women situation in areas where there is mining development? What kind of violence occur? What is bring done? Are there security issues that women are more vulnerable than men?
This is an important initiative. My concern is, however, that it seems to presuppose that communities, and women within them, should look at mining-led development as the best economic alternative to secure their wellbeing. There are, indeed, communities that aspire to different ways of living. Moreover, there are communities in which women already have economic autonomy (i.e. they are in charge of farming plots for subsistence and livelihoods). In those cases, the presence of mining rather than an opportunity to enhancing their freedoms, it arises as a threat to displace their local economies. There are various women anti-mining organizations in Latin America raising this type of concerns (e.g. Women Defenders of Pachamama and Women Guardians of the Amazon, both in Ecuador). My question is: To what extent your research takes into consideration this type of reality?
Can you give us best practices and policies, regulations that worked, especially in African context? Regards, Getaneh
Ma. Kresna D Navarro
If women are one of the vulnerable groups in mining resource sector regardless of the role of the government (like legalities), how equitable are the distribution of income that will represent women's participation in mining? Does this income signifies their opportunity costs of rearing her family? What are the measures to protect women from discrimination?
I work with the Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada, supporting our development programming in Tanzania and would like to share some thoughts from the Tanzania Women Miners Association (TAWOMA:
1. How can women benefit from the extractive industries?
Ø Give them an opportunity to own mining plots, mining rights
Ø Avail them with machinery to add value to their minerals
Ø Make it easy for them to access finance without a need for collateral because land and house ownership laws have historically discriminated against women, it is not easy for them to have collateral.
2. How can we reduce risks?
The risks are: mining safety, sexually transmitted diseases in the mining sites, handling of extractive chemicals. These risks can be reduced by:
Ø Mining associations to be given an opportunity for self-improvement in mining knowledge,
Ø mining associations to be empowered with grants and soft loans to do counselling to their fellow women miners,
Ø training on safety standards, and easy access to women friendly safety gears
3. How can we provide better resources to women?
Ø Solve the problem of collateral in access to finance. Women are coming from a history of having no access to land and houses, and if they do, they mostly do so collectively with their spouses who are (most of the times) not willing to let their lands and houses be put forward by their wives as collateral.
Ø Women miners associations should be empowered to articulate the complex issues involving the extractive sector.
4. How can we provide better voice to women?
Ø Women should affirmatively be given decision-making positions in national bodies, for example in Tanzania, women should be given a decision making position (like Board Members) in the State Mining Company (STAMICO) and similar avenues.
5. What are some of the approaches that offer lessons and strategies for more equitable distribution and decision-making over extractive resources?
Ø Credit Guarantee schemes targeting women miners
Ø Leasing machinery (it should be well structured to suit women's dynamics)
Ø Grants to women's associations to be able to mobilise themselves
What is difference between kind of mining benefits provided to women in developed countries as opposed to those from developing countries. And how does poor governance, weak state or armed conflict impact on what women as opposed to what men get or lose.
It's not really a question. The fact is that people in mining and mainly in artisanal mining don't know what is personal protective equipment and never ask for anyway.
But when it's about women, it is not time to stop that such ignorance of occupational health and safety??
1. How can we transform women from artisanal small-scale miners to commercially viable small scale mining operators?
2. How can we support the creation of a local economy that will harness the potential of the seasonal artisanal small scale miners?
3. How can artisanal small-scale mining be transformed into a tool for sustainable inclusive development?
What experience is there to date in engaging key companies in the extractive industries on issues of preventing and mitigating abuse and exploitation of women - PRIOR to /in the planning stages of companies' entering an area or widening their involvement?
How does mining impact the environment and are there any health costs for the workers?