Deon Filmer is a Lead Economist in the World Bank’s Research Department and the Economics Unit of the Human Development Department of the World Bank’s Africa Region. He works on issues of youth employment and skills, service delivery, and impact evaluation of policies and programs to improve human development outcomes. His research covers education, health, social protection and poverty analysis. He has published numerous articles in top-ranked economics journals. His recent work includes studies of the impact of demand-side programs on schooling outcomes; of the roles of poverty, orphanhood, and disability in explaining education inequalities. Mr. Filmer has previously served on the core teams of the World Development Report 1995: Workers in an Integrating World and World Development Report 2004: Making Services Work for Poor People, and was a contributor to the World Development Report 2007: Development and the Next Generation.